Week in Review - 8/29

This week was the last week of reviewing skills and doing the last bit of beginning-of-the-year stuff before we dig into some new content next week. I feel that I'm struggling every day to keep up with my new district's expectations and procedures, ie. entering kids into the Wonders site, scheduling this and filling out that. I'm absolutely exhausted every night. Hopefully, settling into some sort of a routine is right around the corner...

This week we set up our Reading INBs. One of my coworkers read Reading in the Wild this summer (I STILL haven't had time to read this), and she shared with us how she did reading notebooks. I decided to set mine up in a similar fashion, but instead of doing a section for reading letters (I have to use Wonders a lot this year - long story), I'm going to use the last section (Resources) for Erin's {interactive literature notebook}.

We did the lesson about genre on Tuesday and Wednesday, and I took the opportunity to introduce brag tags and the {genre tags} which they could earn.

We also did our first lesson of the Walking Classroom on Wednesday morning. There is a nice gravel track near the playground, and it will be perfect for the WC. Most of the kids enjoyed it and were disgusted by the amount of calories in some of their favorite foods. They are looking forward to next Wednesday to start the actual lessons.

We started each day with four problems from Elizabeth's {Math Moves}. It's the perfect little amount to get students thinking about math each day. We go through them together after they've had a chance to try them, and I told them that they would be able to use the sheet for Friday's test (unless they are the same problems - haven't looked that far ahead yet...)

We have also been using Jen's {Math Concept Posters} for the four basic operations. This is hard for them, especially explaining it in words. Lots of frustration, but it's good to force them to think ;)

Mid-week, we did an {operation key word sort} that also proved to be challenging, but in a good way. Students had to work together to identify which story problem key words meant which type of operation. Some good conversation was had.

Sigh. I get to teach social studies only twice a week. That will take a while for me to deal with. Anyway. I created a geography lap book to go along with chapter 1 of Social Studies Alive! America's Past. It's just a quick review of hemispheres and landforms and physical features and such. It's not quite TpT-ready, so be on the lookout. Hopefully sometime this weekend.

From Amazon:
Bradley Chalkers IS the oldest kid in the fifth grade. He tells enormous lies. He picks fights with girls. No one likes him—except Carla, the new school counselor. She thinks Bradley is sensitive and generous, and knows that Bradley could change, if only he weren’t afraid to try. But when you feel like the most-hated kid in the whole school, believing in yourself can be the hardest thing in the world. . . .

Friends on the Fives - Mrs. L's Leveled Learning

Time for another Friends on the Fives post. Today I bring you Mrs. L from Mrs. L's Leveled Learning!

Differentiation - Where to Begin? Learning Goals and Scales...

As a teacher, I usually felt like I got to know my kids pretty quickly; 7-8 hours a day in one room, need I say more? Even as a gifted resource teacher, I looked at the qualifying scores and said well, after two-three weeks I have a general idea of how this particular child is going to perform, and what personal set-backs they might have: procrastination, unorganized, perfectionistic, inattentive, doesn't like group work, etc. What got me is trying to organize the vast array of skills, stated and discreet, that are necessary for each child to master every standard. Not only did I have to consider my target goals, but think about where these kids were coming from, the knowledge of previous grade levels, which we all know can vary depending on who taught them before! Uhhh.... I attempted to do this one topic at a time, giving quizzes as a pre-assessment, and then building instruction off of that. The problem was that even once I knew which kids were low, medium, or high in one topic, then I had to spend time figuring out where to start instruction for each group, what the goals should be, and make new quizzes and resources to teach and reassess each group. Too much to organize and not enough time to do it!

Learning Goals and Scales helped me!

When I was first asked to use Learning Goals and Scales in my classroom, I thought, "Okay, the research supports it and this could really help me streamline skills, but who has time to do all that work themselves?" I wasn't sure where to start. Most of the teachers I worked with were constructing their own Learning Goals as grade level teams which worked great if you had a team on-site. I was traveling between two schools, teaching three-four grade levels of math in an hour and a half a day to a multi-age advanced class, fitting in consultation time with the lower grade level teachers, and managing testing referrals and data. Every other Gifted Resource teacher in my district was in the same boat; we made a good attempt to get together, and interest was high, but follow through tapered off over a few months because we had so much to do! Language Arts seemed a lot more manageable for me, but math, with it's plethora of implied skills and vocabulary, seemed trickier to keep organized. This motivated me to start here; I spent over 120 hours creating Scaled Math Assessments with Learning Goals and Scales for grades 4, 5, and 6, which I was currently teaching the most. I spent these hours reading, researching, and creating Learning Goals and scales for each standard that drew from previous grade levels and future grade level skills. Since I had taught so many different grade levels of math, I had a good idea where to look for standards that progressed.

Here are some examples of posted Learning Goals and Scales from my classroom.

When I introduced the Scaled Assessment as a pre-assessment, they enjoyed the fact that there was no pressure to know everything right away. They completed as much as they could, and I graded it so I could share their progress with them. The next day I would return it so they could see how far they'd gotten. Depending how much time I had, I would either return it individually, let them peruse it for a few minutes, then move onto the daily lessons; or I would return it in small groups based on performance level (1s together, 2s together, etc.) and meet with them to go over the test and skills. I would usually spend time going over the next skills so they would have an immediate goal to focus on in class. I would only fit in a meeting with each group about once a week, but it was better than nothing. The kids seemed really motivated to progress and felt like they were 'cheating' because they got to see the test in advance.

I used the same exact test as a post-assessment, and the kids really loved being able to see the scales they'd already mastered and skip ahead to finish the test faster! Those who had gotten really far only had to complete scales 3-4. Those who had more to learn, had more work to do, but this was okay because it also helped me to manage the environment. I would have 1-2 "When You're Done..." activities up on the board for the kids I knew would be done quickly. I made sure there were quieter areas of the room for the kids who would need the whole period to finish.

I didn't feel like I was letting the kids "cheat" because first of all, there were usually 2-4 weeks between the time they took the assessment as a pre-test, and a post-test. It was very unlikely they were going to remember the problems. Secondly, kids learn through repetition and practice, and the more they get to see and hear the learning goals and examples, the more likely they will be conscious of their learning. When kids are conscious of their learning, they are much more likely to take ownership of it! THIS IS THE GOAL! Teach kids to realize that they have charge of their learning, not just me! 

I can't tell you how proud and happy they were to SEE their progress and feel like they had more than one chance to master it!!

If you are still considering whether to implement learning goals and scale sin your room, here are a few reasons to consider it...

1. Learning goals and scales help kids see a concrete progression of skills, instead of making their own assumptions about where they are going, and how far along they've come. An informal way of implementing this is to ask your students, "Here's our learning goal today...show me on your fingers where you think you're at with converting fractions to decimals...0...1...2...3...or 4?" This is fine if it helps you make an immediate decision about where to begin instruction or review. But, how reliable is a student's opinion if they don't have the same frame of reference that you do? Do they understand what concepts they've learned that have set them up for successful comprehension of this skill? Do they know where their going with it, or what its purpose is? How many of us as adults can evaluate ourselves when we don't know what we don't know!

2. Kids love affirmation! Don't we all! My experience in child development education and early elementary teaching have taught me that specific praise, is much more effective that general praise because it helps a child see their locus of control as internal, instead of external. Instead of saying "Good Job for getting an A on this test Janie!", and Janie walking away thinking, "Yeah, I'm really lucky! I wonder how I did that?!"; you can say, "Janie, on your pretest you could only add fractions with the same denominator using blocks, now you can add fractions with any denominator and explain how! Excellent work!" Janie can walk away thinking, yeah, I really learned something!"

3. Kids will know exactly where their learning and grades are coming from! After every single test, as if it were some unwritten ritual, students would brag, hide, and compare their test scores. Sound familiar? The most painful thing is to see those little jaws drop and faces turn red when they didn't score as well as they thought. "But, why did I get a 'C' Mrs. LiCausi?" (Even B's were a disappointment to those high-achievers!) I received a lot fewer questions from students and parents when I could point out the progression of skills that a student had mastered or not, to get them to that place. When scales are aligned to specific grades, students can make a clear connection to their level of mastery and their final grade.

4. Clear and specific guide for planning and assessing student progress. If you aren't lucky enough to work for a district that thoroughly plans your curriculum and mapping guides, then you know the painfully time-consuming process of sitting down with a year's worth of standards and trying to organize all those ideas, and break them down into manageable chunks for your students. The school year gets busy fast, and every time you switch topics and pre-assess your students, you're starting all over to figure out how to teach them where they're at, differentiating for different levels, and assessing again. If you've got learning goals and scales in order, the process goes so much faster because some of the thinking is done for you! You can move onto the fun part like planning and searching for awesome lessons!

5. Parent communication is greatly enhanced when they really know what their child is doing! How many parents remember what they learned in elementary or middle school math? How many skills or vocabulary terms are still fresh in their mind? I found that sharing the learning goals and scales with my parents, allowing them to see the student portfolios with their child's assessments and some key classroom assignments, made things more clear to them. They were more cooperative if their child needed help, and more confident that they knew what their child and I were doing all day.

6. Administrator observations and evaluations go much more smoothly when you can show that you have a concrete plan of assessment and differentiation for the standards. How great would it be to have your administrator walk into your room and say, "Wow, you really have things organized!" or "Wow, I can see exactly what you are assessing your students on, and I will fully support you in doing what you want to get them proficient!" Most of us want to be more than competent, we want to be inspirational! We want to see kids light up with pride and enthusiasm, and be recognized for making that happen. I know I felt the most satisfied in my job when I was trusted enough to have the freedom to try new things, new curriculum, or new methods. In my experience, when I established professional credibility, I was recognized and supported by administrators and peers in doing things the way I wanted to. I enjoyed teaching more, and felt more confident in what I was doing.

7. Research supports it! Check out some of the following citations...

"The starting place for all effective instruction is designing and communicating clear learning goals."

"If teachers aren't sure of instructional goals, their instructional activities will not be focused, and unfocused instructional activities do not engender student learning.

 - Marzano [2009]

"Our collective goal is that the largest possible percentage of our students get there. To reach that goal we must define for ourselves and for them where "there" is. "

- Stiggins [1994]

"Learning targets convey to students the destination for the lesson - what to learn, how deeply to learn it, and exactly how to demonstrate their learning. In our estimation [Moss & Brookhart, 2009] and that of others [Seidle, Rimmele, & Prenzel, 2005; Stiggins, After, Chappuis & Chappuis, 2009], the intention of the lesson is one of the most important things students should learn. Without a precise description of where they are headed, too many students are "flying blind."

- Moss, Brookhart, Long [2011] Knowing Your Learning Target. Educational Leadership.  
68 [6]. pp.66-69.

Who has time to waste on ineffective approaches? 

Mrs. L (Melanie LiCausi), lives in Arizona and has taught grades 1-8 in the classroom, or as a gifted resource or math instructor for individual classes. Visit Mrs. L's Leveled Learning to find out more!

Bright Idea - Protecting Crate Seats

If you enjoyed this bright idea, please consider joining me on {Facebook}, {Pinterest}, or view {previous Bright Ideas} for more great ideas.

For more bright ideas from many more bloggers, please browse through the link-up below and choose a topic/grade level that interests you. Thanks for visiting!

Friends on the Fives - Learning in the Little Apple

Hi!  I’m Jane from Learning in the Little Apple.
I am a Midwest teacher like Diane, although we are rivals when cheering on our college teams.
She roots for Iowa, while I am a Wisconsin Badger fan through and through!
 I am honored to be guest blogging here on Diane’s site as a part of her
 Friends on the Fives feature.
I have been blogging for about two years, and have been teaching for over 20.  Last week I ran into a former student who told me he was 26!  Sheesh!  When did that happen??
My teaching life has been so invigorated by the online friends I have met and connected with through blogging.
I have taught at every level between Kindergarten through fourth grade, and have a Masters Degree in Educational Psychology with an emphasis on the Gifted.
I am currently a third grade teacher. I love to read, and I encourage that love of reading in my students.
I often try to share my literature related lessons and activities on my blog.
One popular post on my blog gave readers a heads up about a favorite book for jumping back into a new school year.
 Are you looking for the perfect back-to-school read aloud?  Well look no further, because School Days According to Humphrey is that book!
I stumbled across the Humphrey series of books by Betty Birney while visiting Barnes & Noble about two years ago.
The main character (Humphrey, the hamster) struggles with adjusting to new classmates at the beginning of the school year. The new classmates represent a wide variety of personalities, just like your average present-day classroom.
 I created a PowerPoint presentation to introduce each of the chapters in this book, and it can be yours for free in my TpT store.  
The PowerPoint slides in this product introduce each chapter of this inviting book, as well as Humphrey's Rules for School. Also included is a reflection booklet for students to visualize and respond to each chapter in the book.
 I have projected the slides from the PowerPoint on my Interactive WhiteBoard as I read the chapters aloud.  The book could also be used for small group guided reading activities.
Betty Birney, the author, has given permission to use photos from her teacher-friendly website (http://www.bettybirney.com) in the PowerPoint. The reflection booklet supports CCSS for ELA. Additionally, the concepts of cooperation and responsibility presented in this book support PBIS strategies. 
This book provides a key lead into a study of series books.
I hope you are able to use this in your classroom in the coming year.
Check out my blog for other great literacy ideas, like this product to use with your study of series books!
You can also find me on Instagram at "Learning in the Little Apple", too!

Spark Student Motivation - Brag Tags Revisited

Today I am linking up with {Joanne} (Hi, Joanne! I know it's been forever *waves*) for her student motivation linky.

I know that I've blogged about brag tags before. I've used them off and on over the past two years. Since I'm going to be more self-contained this year, I plan to use them more consistently because students really do love them!

I first used them two years ago in conjunction with the {Reading Olympians} program. Students earned them when they passed each set of words.
These are tags that I made. They weren't part of the RO program, but they won't be in my store because I don't think that I can piggyback on their program. Anyway, they were highly motivational.

Then I won some seasonal brag tags that I could give all of my students. That was nice because then everyone could have one without trying to earn them. They became part of my seasonal gifts to students. Since I didn't want to buy the nicer plastic ones because of cost, I decided to make my own.

Last year, I read a {great blog post by Nick} about encouraging students to read across genres. That post inspired me to try it in my classroom, so of course I had to use some cute clipart I had just purchased to make these.

They sold pretty well at the BTS TpT sale, and some of my followers had mentioned that they would be using them for the 40 book challenge that Donalyn Miller talked about in The Book Whisperer. I REALLY have to read that book!

When I finally get to read it, I will have to tweak anything that need to be tweaked to make them fit a little better. In the meantime, let me know if anything needs to be adjusted to work better for those of you using them for that purpose.

Two weeks ago, I had made some more brag tags for a bloggy friend, and I kind of got on a roll.

I just cannot wait to get started with brag tags this year! If you want to give them a try, you can buy all of my brag tags {here}.

Or, if you want to make your own (they're really addictive ;) ), I have just the template {here}.

When I get my September close reading texts done, I'm going to work on some character trait ones :)

Thursday Throwback - Organizing TpT Purchases

If you are anything like me, then you have bought tons of things from TpT but don't really know what you have. Today I'm going to share with you a way to organize your purchases without printing out everything. I'm going to focus on PDF files that have multiple components, like ELA centers. It is also possible to do this with PowerPoint, but most of what I have purchased are PDFs. I will also tell you that I'm using Adobe Reader on my MacBook Pro running 10.8.4. Your options might be a little different.

So let's say you purchased this fantastic set for your ELA centers, but you don't really remember what skills are included.

Option #1 - Print a proof page for all slides

Go to File-Print to get this screen:

You are going to change some settings to make a proof sheet. Click on Multiple under Page Sizing and Handling.

You can adjust the Pages per sheet to whatever you want. I chose 16 for this example. Since there are 41 slides, it will take three pages to print. I can even do two-sided printing to save more paper. After the page is printed, then I write the name of the file on the printout and file in my binder.

Option #2 - Print a proof page with title slides only

Before you select File-Print, write down the pages that you want to include on the sheet. I'm going to include the title page for each center. Then go to File-Print to get the same dialogue box as above.

This time, type in the pages numbers you want to include under Pages to Print. Then I clicked Multiple, and changed it to 6 pages per sheet because that's all I wanted.

Now it will only print on one page. Print it out, write the file name on it, and file away. Voila!