Easing into Close Reading

Interested in trying close reading with your students? Read about how to implement it with your current reading materials.
One of the things that I've noticed from FB posts and product feedback is that there are a lot of teachers out there who want to give close reading a try, but are unsure on how to go about doing it. Good news is that it's probably not drastically different from what you're already doing. In fact, there is probably no "right way" of doing it, and there will be many variations based on your students and your daily schedule. You can even use your reading series, literature circle books, or guided reading materials. As I mentioned in {this post}, the rule of thumb is to choose something fairly short and high-interest.

Here is how close reading looks in my classroom.
On the first day, I have the kids do a cold read and annotate the text. If I'm using my close reading texts, then there are four different versions of the text being read throughout the classroom, but that's okay because they all of the same information. Students write questions, make connections, and otherwise interact with the text. I prefer to have them write directly on the paper, but if you're using a textbook, novel, or whatever, that obviously isn't a good idea. So if I'm using a story from Wonders, I hand out small Post-It notes students can use instead. Or sometimes I'll photocopy the selection from the book, like maybe just the page about Harriet Tubman. And I saw this really cool idea on Pinterest. Genius.

After giving them 5-10 minutes to annotate, we have a class discussion about the selection - what annotations did you make and why? There are no wrong answers during this part. The discussion lasts anywhere from 10-20 minutes, depending on how thought-provoking the text was. Sometimes we just share with a partner instead. I like to mix it up just to keep things interesting and fresh. The point is to just get them talking and listening to each other about the topic.



The next day, I ask some sort of question that requires them to go back to the text to answer. Maybe I want them to compare/contrast, look for particular details, answer the who/what/where questions. We are digging slightly beyond the initial reading and are starting to get some understanding of the text. If they have a print copy, then I'm asking them to highlight where they found the answers. I have found that I get more participation if they get to use highlighters, Post-Its, or whatever. For my class, this takes about 15 minutes.

On the third day, we take another look at the text. This time, I'm asking a question about the structure, vocabulary, figurative language, author's voice, or something else that doesn't necessarily focus on the text and details. Maybe we outline the selection looking for main ideas and supporting details. If we are using the print copies, this is the day we underline our text evidence. So up to this point, our papers have annotations, highlights, and underlines. By now, it's pretty obvious who needs some extra attention because their paper is either empty or completely covered with highlighter and underlines. This also takes about 15 minutes.

The last activity I ask them to do with the selection is a short writing prompt. I pose a question that has something to do with the text and hopefully makes them use what they learned to answer it. I like asking questions about how ideas apply to their own lives, their opinions about something in the text, or maybe even a time when they experienced something similar. This is where I introduce how to quote directly from a text in their writing. I allow about 15-20 minutes for this part.

Notice that I'm not spending hours on this every day. This is why my students don't mind coming back to it day after day. This is also why it's so important to have an interesting selection (which is why I don't do it with every chapter in the textbook). In my opinion, it's also why close reading is so flexible in that you can do it whole class, in small groups, or even as homework.

Here are some free close reading topics that you can do with your students if you want to try close reading without having to come up with your own text selections and questions.

Here are my paid close reading products if you want to try it for a month or longer.

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3 comments

  1. My students and I loved using your close reading passages. One time I was passing the passages out and a student said, "Oh, I love doing these." They enjoyed the content and the activities. Thanks for a great product.

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    Replies
    1. Wow, thank you for telling me! I'm always curious if other students enjoy them like mine do :)

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  2. Thank you for sharing this detailed how-to. I've done some light close reading here and there with my fifth graders, but usually I feel like I'm not doing it right and give up! I hope this year I can refer back to this and do it "the right way". :)

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